« 透過的データ圧縮 | Main | 論文読み会 »

2008.09.08

博士課程

昨晩、学部時代に入っていたサークルのOB会がありました。
OB会といっても、集まった中で、私達の代が一番上の世代で、若い人達から非常にエネルギッシュなパワーをもらいました。

ふと、私が学部1年の時に博士課程の人がたまに来ていたのを思い出しました。
とても面白い人で漠然と博士課程とはこういうものなのかぁと思ってましたが、逆の立場になるとは。

その場で唯一博士課程に進んでいた私に対し、博士課程について、いろいろな質問をもらいました。進学するかどうかを迷っている人もいて、ちょっと酔ってましたが、真面目に答えました。

現在、巷で氾濫している博士課程の情報はかなり悲観的な状況のようです。
(例えば、博士課程で検索すると、就職、行方、お金などなどいろいろ悲観的な情報で氾濫しています。博士100人の村とかも有名ですね)

私が置かれている状況(コンピュータ系の研究、個人で研究できる、研究室はそこそこ大きい)ではどんな感じなのかを簡単に説明してみます。先程の3つの条件が下記のことは変わって来ると思います。例えば研究室によってもだいぶ違いますし、実験が中心かどうかでも全然違うと思います。あくまで一例ですが参考になれば。

まず、就職先です。
学校に残って研究を続ける場合は、学校のポストは限られているので、やはりポストドクターになる人が多いです。研究分野が狭い場合は更に長い道のりになるかもしれず、違った分野に移ることも考えてる人も多いです。
企業に行く人の場合は、企業の研究所に行く、普通に就職する、自分の技術を生かすべく、ベンチャーに行く、興すなどです。

工学系ということもあり就職先が全く無くて困っているという人は僕の周りではいないようです。
自分の研究が生かせるかは分かりませんが、少なくとも食ってはいけますし、自分の研究活動で培った基礎力が他の分野で生かせる場合も少なくありません。たとえ、研究に残ったとしても同じ分野だけで生き続けていくことは難しく、変えていく必要があると思ってます。博士でてもあと、30年ある。

海外の博士課程/卒の人からも話を聞いたことがありますが、アメリカやヨーロッパでも状況は大体同じようで、どこでも良いアカデミックポストを得るのは大変です。みんなグーグル、MSに行くのも同じです。ばりばり理論ばかりやっていると思った人がプログラミングとかシステムにもすごく強く「そうしないと、いい仕事につけないからね」と言ってたのが印象的でした。

次に、お金です。
これは一番シビアな問題だと思います。奨学金、学振、研究室からの援助(プロジェクトメンバーとして雇ってもらい仕事を少しする)、バイトなどいろいろ工面する必要があります。奨学金を借り続けて卒業と同時に数百万のお金を返し始めるという人も少なくありません。

私自身も、これは一番懸念の問題だったのですが、博士行くかもしれないということで、いろいろ準備しました。親は定年退職間近で、修士からは完全自腹になるのは覚悟してましたから(本当は仕送りをしないといけないくらいで、申し訳ないですが、それはいつか)、学士の頃から、貯金をしようと努力をしてました。私の場合はその後に幸いにも未踏プロジェクトや、ベンチャー企業でのバイトなどである程度の貯金を作れました。今も、その後興した会社からお金をもらってることもあり、奨学金を借りなくてもやれてます(学士の頃借りていた奨学金を返すまでにはいたっていないが)。

厳しいですが、お金を稼げる見込みが無く、良い奨学金ももらえなさそうということなら、働く道を考えた方がいいと思います。企業でも面白い研究や仕事をしているところはたくさんあるし、何より自分が大変だと思います。

#奨学金については、いくらあっても足りることは無いと思いますし、そのために社会がどうすればいいかは考えなきゃならないところだと思います。企業による奨学金はこの解決策の有力な候補の一つです。例え、それが青田刈りであってもいいと思います。入ってからの社会人博士もいいですね。

雑用が多いか、という質問については、まぁ、そうだと思いますが工夫次第で減らすことはできると思いますし、博士課程に限らず実社会に出ても同じ問題に遭遇するだろうとは思います。どうやって効率よくやるか、仕事が集中的に振ってこないようにするか(笑)などは年月がたつにつれうまくなった気がします。

博士にいっても博士号をとれるとは限らないではないか、ということについては、そうだと思いますし、私自身もとれるかは分からず、論文が連続で落ちまくった時は不安になったこともあります。
上の代や周りを見ている限りでは、真面目に研究を継続的に続けられた人は大抵とれています(しかし、そのような場合でも研究が不幸にもうまくいかないかず、そのまま修了する人もいます)。これについては、正直博士号が無くてもあまり変わらないと思います。どう過ごしたかが重要のように思えます。

この、真面目に研究を継続することは難しいことです。最近の研究では共同作業も多いですが、ある面では孤独との戦いも多くあり、精神的にもまいってしまうことが少なくありません。また、真剣に取り組めば取り組むほど、それが認められない時のショックは大きいです。

この不安を克服するには、研究を楽しむことに尽きると思います。世界初、世界最高、前人未到、には心を躍らされますし、他の人のすばらしい研究を見て刺激を受けるのも一つです。やる気を出すには自分で課題を見つけてくるのも重要だと思います。この研究がどのように社会で役立つかを想像してもいいかもしれません。

研究を続けていくとどうしても内に内に行き、うまくいっているときは突き進めばいいのですが、まずくなると途端に行き場がなくなり苦しくなります。外の世界とのつながりが重要で、外の世界へのアウトプットを多くする必要があると思います(そういうわけで私も意識的に専門分野のことをブログで書くようにしてます)。

--
実際何やってるのかについては、私の場合は次の通りです。

研究室ミーティングが大体週2回あり、そのほかは基本的に自由に時間を割り振れます。私は会社の営業とかもあり流動的ですが、大体午前中は論文をサーベイ(関連する研究、特に競争相手となる研究をざーっと調べる)したりメールを処理したりします。午後は自分の研究内容をプログラミングして実験したり、論文を書いたりします。週2ぐらいで、ソファースペースでお茶を飲みながら、ゆるーく自分のアイディアや他の人のアイディアを突っ込みあうのも重要な作業の一つです。更に研究室の外で共同研究している人も何人かいるので、そうした人たちとチャットやらメールで議論します。
学外の面白そうな研究会/勉強会も見つけて片っ端からいきます。大体(研究関連で)週1~2ぐらい外に出てます。アイディアとかは大抵人との出会いでうまれてきます。

そして、私の場合の特殊ケースですが、夕方ぐらいに会社に行きそれから、会社で終電まで仕事をします。
でかい本を一気に読むとか仕事をまとめて仕上げたい場合や、気分を変えたい場合は喫茶店やらに篭ります。見つけないでください。

昔は土日もプログラミングや論文読みをしていることも多かったのですが、最近は締切間際以外は意識的にそういうものに触れないようにして、全然関係ないことに熱中するようにしてます。その方が結果的に生産性が高いみたいです。

このボケーっと考えていろいろ試すのは、ものすごく時間がかかり、あっという間に時間が過ぎます。時間とエネルギーを湯水のようにジャブジャブ注がないと独創的なことはできないと誰か言ってましたが私もそう思います。会社でそういうことができるところはそうそうなくて、博士過程(ポスドクもある程度そうかな)が最後のチャンスだと思います。

--
多くの人と付き合うにつれ、若いうちに遊びであれ、仕事であれ、研究であれ、何かに打ち込めたかどうかが、その後の人の深みに関係していると思います。博士課程は研究に打ち込めるチャンスです。
私自身、研究が本当に面白くなってきたのも博士に入ってからでした。あとまだ1年半ありますが、いい研究活動をできたらと思います。

大学・研究室は違いますが、生駒日記にも、更に具体的にいろいろと書いてあります。

|

« 透過的データ圧縮 | Main | 論文読み会 »

Comments

Quality articles is the crucial to interest the users to go to see the site, that's what this web page is providing.

Posted by: MEG VASQUEZ | 2013.12.29 at 03:03 PM

This kind of deferred compensation is meant to curb traders among others from taking short-term risks which could harm a purchase bank a long period later super real he believes some of his health concerns are already exacerbated by the dispute.

Posted by: super real | 2014.01.01 at 01:22 AM

Howdy! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group? There's a lot of people that I think would really enjoy your content. Please let me know. Thank you

Posted by: FREE TAROT READING | 2014.01.14 at 09:08 AM

Piece of writing writing is also a excitement, if you know afterward you can write otherwise it is difficult to write.

Posted by: WWW.MYSTICOAKS.COM/NUMEROLOGY/NUMEROLOGY-MEANINGS.HTML | 2014.02.01 at 12:03 AM

I got this website from my pal who informed me on the topic of this website and now this time I am browsing this website and reading very informative articles or reviews here.

Posted by: ItS Late | 2014.02.01 at 07:19 AM

Hi there i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anywhere, when i read this paragraph i thought i could also create comment due to this sensible post.

Posted by: VISIT THIS WEBSITE | 2014.02.03 at 06:27 AM

Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I've really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

Posted by: certification | 2014.02.16 at 02:53 AM

Customers are very choosy sometime, in matters of shopping and getting products. Be watchful to verify the seller's historical past and suggestions to determine that the item is genuine. It's as easy as entering the item you plan to purchase in the search bar and a coupon code, if any exist for the product, pops up for you to use.

Posted by: asos papa johns promo code august 2013 | 2014.02.25 at 04:23 PM

Cowϲh Shoes Foг Cheap In regular mattгesseѕ, we havе an unbalanced when 2 different people sleep on a single mаtrress and that alsߋ maks sleep quite difficult.Memory mattresѕes are fantastic help in this resgɑrd simply because they maintaiո a csrtain balance when couple sleep a single mattress. http://www.bwba.org/?tags=cheap+coach+rain+boots traded his / her keyy tօo help broaԁсasting, as well as, as it so happens, the mom got through to one thіng.Foray ibto enter an individual's tеrritory and take spoils; "The pirates raided the coastal villages regularly"encroach upon, intrսdе on, obtrude upon, incade to intrude upon, infringe, encroach on, violate; "This new colleague invades my the wonder business it is consistent with the growth secrets to both Kohl's and The Estee Lauder Companies.

Posted by: Coach Shoes For Cheap | 2014.03.01 at 02:54 AM

Wonderful items from you, man. I have have in mind your stuff previous to and you are simply too wonderful. I really like what you have acquired right here, really like what you are stating and the best way during which you say it. You're making it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it wise. I cant wait to read much more from you. That is actually a tremendous web site.

Posted by: Types Of Dental Surgery | 2014.03.02 at 02:29 AM

I every time spent my half an hour to read this blog's articles or reviews daily along with a cup of coffee.

Posted by: SURGICAL.COM/BARIATRIC-SURGERY.HTML | 2014.03.06 at 09:38 AM

http://caffeebiz.info/shop/?tags=Coach+Shoes+Men Start yߋur PT haviոg a ɑttitude ɑnd turn into diligent for it. Mens Coach Watch

Posted by: http://caffeebiz.info/shop/?tags=Coach+Shoes+Men | 2014.03.10 at 09:10 PM

Tеam Uѕa Basketball 2014 Coach We merely kept putting large numbers of speed in the vehiсle and it paid off.31 60 minutes) affords those ʟondoners on іt aan iոcreasingly precaгiouѕ living. http://caffeebiz.Info/shop/?tags=Macy+Coach+Shoes

Posted by: Team Usa Basketball 2014 Coach | 2014.03.29 at 11:47 AM

George Muschler, an odd select but heaps of programming, before comely head of Zaragoza and Sporting. Celebrating 'Star Trek Into Darkness,' Acer created only 25 R7 touch-enabled Limited Edition notebooks, none of which consumers are able to purchase. Although the footwear may well seem like authentic uggs, the building and products are of much a lot less quality than the ordinarily superior uggs.

Posted by: Allnet Flat | 2014.04.06 at 02:26 AM

Hi Dear, are you genuinely visiting this site regularly, if so then you will definitely take nice know-how.

Posted by: silverfish control | 2014.04.07 at 07:38 AM

http://www.paulawhite.org/outlet/?page=Coach+Factory+Outlet+Online+Is+It+Real Ӎichael Phelps's unusual athlеtіc eаting and ѡorking out regіmеո might prove to be too much to have an ordinary man oor perhaps ordinaгy athlete it also seems to work perfectly on Michael Phelpѕ.rоwing, were actually ѕhowcɑsed on the iոitially current Olympics inn 1896. http://www.paulawhite.org/outlet/?page=Coach+In+Store+Coupons

Posted by: http://www.paulawhite.org/outlet/?page=Coach+Factory+Outlet+Online+Is+It+Real | 2014.04.11 at 05:28 PM

It's going to be end of mime day, except before end I am reading this great post to increase myy knowledge.

Posted by: wizard101 crown generator | 2014.04.13 at 08:57 PM

http://queeneleanorcycleride.org.uk/brand/?id=Coach+Factory+Sales+2014 Gеneration.Now prеvious to commіtting to sսch kinds of treatment plаnѕ, study. Coach Factory Jobs all of the 11yеarold Bandits.spin, or anotheг direction, which is certainly basically more spinning prior to you hit the bottom, and think along with tɦe other directіon you have been sacгifіcing the specific style that snowboаrders haѵe.

Posted by: http://queeneleanorcycleride.org.uk/brand/?id=Coach+Factory+Sales+2014 | 2014.04.15 at 11:32 AM

My developer is tryinng to convince mme tto move tto .net freom PHP. I have always disliked the ideea ecause of the costs. But he's tryiong none the less. I've beden using Movable-type on numerous websites for about a year and am worrried agout switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is thefe a way I can import all my wordpress content into it? Any kind of hepp would be greatly appreciated!

Posted by: survey bypasser download | 2014.04.16 at 04:42 PM

Mobile phones have become one of the basic necessities of life. The Galaxy S3 has an 8-megapixel camera present on the back, which can record high-resolution photos accordingly. You can avail all popular handsets at reduced prices through best mobile phone deals.

Posted by: Handy Tarifvergleich | 2014.04.17 at 10:57 AM

This information is invaluable. When caan I find out more?

Posted by: http://hlawin.com | 2014.04.18 at 12:47 AM

If you arre going for best contents like me, only pay a quick visit this web site every day becazuse it presents featture contents, thanks

Posted by: wizard101 hack | 2014.04.18 at 05:39 PM

Usually these cell telephone contracts are really only on 18-24 month agreement acquiring you in to the cellular telephone cell telephone mobile phone network supplier. If you are on the lookout for your next mobile phone, there are several things that you need to take into consideration. Because, under such deal user can grab a branded phones at contract offer.

Posted by: Handy Tarife vergleichen | 2014.04.22 at 11:18 AM

Making use of a gas usage calculator is a simple and efficient way of working out your typical gas usage. This is a dream come true for the people who have business associates far away from the organization and are required to communicate often. Effects on target populations were acknowledged, however, played a less substantial role in discussions on how to meet national agendas.

Posted by: Smartphone Tarife vergleichen | 2014.04.23 at 03:33 AM

As of 2009, Vizio is now the largest producer of LCD televisions in North America. Tough all these benefits are also available with pay as you go deals but people love to buy their handset with contract deals only as these also give many free gifts with their handset. So,get these i - Phone 4 deals for your family and friends, login to online shopping portals for detailed information today.

Posted by: Smartphone Tarife | 2014.04.23 at 12:53 PM

http://www.sarahgillham.com/cheap/?page=Coach+Backpacks+On+Sale Aո exceptiоnal teams which waѕ killing us early іn thе season.James Durrant, a chemist who researches sօlr fuels at Imperial Collegе London, describes the unit as "elegant". Red Coach Shoes

Posted by: http://www.sarahgillham.com/cheap/?page=Coach+Backpacks+On+Sale | 2014.04.23 at 01:34 PM

Www.Coach Factory Οutlet Online.Com 2 things pοpped out; Maria Freethy, with won various awaгds including placing in the top tten of the American Ɗance Awards and рerforming on "So You consider You Can Dance Canada," had twοo solo pieces, which shе also choreogrɑphed.SAN AΝТONIO Oct. Ϲoach Merrimacк Outlets I believe, that statelevel signs makeѕ the opportunity very unlikely.Whіm Sends is the globe's major nongovernmental shipbased medicasl гelated organisation.

Posted by: Www.Coach Factory Outlet Online.Com | 2014.04.24 at 06:11 PM

This season, you just need the frolic coming your way. So, you go and buy that new laundry detergent or that new milk brand. A woman who loves to mix and expressing in each of her looks, trends for the spring season that emphasizes the contrasts and transports into a world as the evolution of decoration baroque.

Posted by: asos coupons | 2014.04.26 at 10:22 AM

I think this is among the most important information for me. And i am glad reading your article. Buut should remark oon few general things, The web site style is perfect, the articles is really excelleent : D. Goodd job, cheers

Posted by: spotify premium free | 2014.04.28 at 04:06 AM

Spott onn with this write-up, I truly believe that this site needs much more attention. I'llprobably be returnjing to ssee more, thanks for the info!

Posted by: dungeon hunter 4 hack ifunbox | 2014.04.28 at 10:05 AM

What i do not understood is iff trujth be told how you're not acctually much more well-appreciated than you might bee now. You're so intelligent. Youu recognize therefore significantly with regards to tgis matter, made me personally imagine iit froom a llot of varied angles. Its like mmen and women don't seem to bbe interrested except it is one thing too accomplish with Girl gaga! Yourr personal stuffs great. Always deql with itt up!

Posted by: spotify premium code | 2014.04.29 at 04:52 AM

They are fresh in their careers; mostly in good health and value time as they do money. You need to create an organization system so that you don't miss out on any of those great opportunities. The Toasty Torpedo commercial uses many sexual innuendos and potential homosexual suggestions which could potentially cause different groups of customers to develop a negative attitude towards Quizno's.

Posted by: kohls promo codes | 2014.04.29 at 06:44 PM

I'm not sure exactly why but this site is loading very slow for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end? I'll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

Posted by: median household income in usa | 2014.05.23 at 05:36 AM

The signature core within the Juuicy Couture jewelry line comes with macys promo codes [] a heart charm in the end. Jackets: When it comes to jackets, you have padded and non-padded gilets. Shopping smart is important especially when you have a big family to take care of.

Posted by: nordstrom coupon code | 2014.05.30 at 02:56 PM

I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and was curious what all is required to get setup? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very internet savvy so I'm not 100% certain. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Thanks

Posted by: Lakesha | 2014.06.04 at 01:13 AM

However, folks are more inclined towards buying fuel efficient cars. Even the leading industrial organizations are investing a huge amount in the education of this state. Various leading employment newspapers also provide the syllabus for different recruitment examinations.

Posted by: SSC Result 2014 | 2014.06.06 at 01:53 PM

You are going along good, and is now seen as an all purpose cement. Furthermore, with the black base getting quite a bit of help, you can acquisition assorted fresh styles Nike Shox shoes for you. This gives you a wider selection with which you crossover and cut during play. Don't feel upset; just follow these 3 suggestions to find the balance between the built-in atmosphere as well as scented creams.

Posted by: http://www.fizzlive.com/ | 2014.06.08 at 12:31 AM

Good day! I could have sworn I've been to thios site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it's new to me. Anyways, I'm definitely glad I found itt and I'll be bookmarking and checking back often!

Posted by: Ezequiel | 2014.07.24 at 04:38 PM

Nice post. I lern something totally neww and challenging on websites I stumbleupon every day. It willl always be exciting to read content from oother authors and use something from other sites.

Posted by: cheats for wizard101 | 2014.08.28 at 08:12 AM

I do believe all the concepts you've introduced to your post. Thhey are really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for novices. May you please extend them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

Posted by: resala2.com | 2014.08.28 at 08:54 AM

I don't even know the way I ended up here, however I assumed this submit used to be great. I don't understand who you are however definitely you are going to a famous blogger for those who aren't already. Cheers!

Posted by: discount codes | 2014.09.12 at 09:26 AM

Hello to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting more from this site, and your views are fastidious in support of new users.

Posted by: pipi2 | 2014.09.14 at 06:08 AM

Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

Posted by: Coupon Codes nume | 2014.09.25 at 02:06 PM

I was curious if you ever considered changing the structure of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or 2 images. Maybe you could space it out better?

Posted by: Soulcraft 2 cheats | 2014.11.03 at 02:31 PM

I know this web site gives quality depending content and extra data, is there anyy other weeb page which provides such things in quality?

Posted by: wizard101 crown generator download | 2014.11.11 at 07:23 PM

I'm more than happy to uncover this web site. I wanted to thank you for your time duee to this wonderful read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it and i also have you bbookmarked to check out new things in yopur site.

Posted by: wizard 101 cheats for crowns | 2014.11.17 at 11:18 AM

This regulation directs the SSPI to complete draft revised ELD requirements for SBE critique. She holds a Bachelor of Disciplines in English from College.

Posted by: phuong phap hoc tieng anh hieu qua Cho nguoi mat Can ban | 2014.11.20 at 07:10 AM

English Grammar 101 is definitely an educational string for alternate training configurations, language arts lessons, home schooling, ESL lessons, or anyone thinking about strengthening her or his knowledge of the English vocabulary. Help yourself for the free edition of Grammar 101 for that individual seeking our grammar instruction that is crucial. Individuals are unable to submit exercises but do have entry to all six segments of study. Currently it is time for you to practise what you have discovered while in the following activities.

Posted by: cach tu hoc tieng anh | 2014.12.10 at 08:28 AM

Taking up tests and grammar exercises on everyday schedule will help your grammar improves into a great magnitude. Note the errors down that you simply create by taking more exercises for the reason that certain idea, and enhance it. Practicing grammar isn't restricted to workouts and exams but really using it within your everyday lives.

Posted by: phuong phap hoc tieng anh hieu qua nhat | 2014.12.18 at 07:44 PM

I like the valuable information you provide in your articles. I'll bookmark your blog and check again here regularly. I am quite sure I'll learn plenty of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next! Michael Kors Outlet Coupons

Posted by: Michael Kors Outlet Coupons | 2015.01.03 at 04:37 PM

If you're unable to create then do have the grammar aspects and realize the guidelines.

Posted by: bem.Fkunswagati.ac.id | 2015.01.05 at 03:03 AM

Clumsy Ninja Hack 2014 hack will save you a lot of money!

Posted by: clumsy ninja mod apk data | 2015.02.14 at 09:08 PM

The game looks amazing and the developers are quite confindent simulation game fans will love it.

Posted by: simcity buildit hack cydia | 2015.03.12 at 12:25 AM

Attractive component of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to say that I get in fact loved account your weblog posts. Any way I will be subscribing on your feeds and even I achievement you get right of entry to persistently quickly.

Posted by: match.com | 2015.04.07 at 12:10 AM

With Imvu Credit and VIP Adder you too can have all cool stuff and indeed all for free.

Posted by: imvu credits hack generator 2015 download free | 2015.04.17 at 06:29 AM

It's an amazing piece of writing for all the online viewers; they will obtain benefit from it I am sure.

Posted by: lasertest | 2015.09.19 at 03:56 AM

Post a comment



(Not displayed with comment.)




TrackBack

TrackBack URL for this entry:
http://app.cocolog-nifty.com/t/trackback/3041/42413465

Listed below are links to weblogs that reference 博士課程:

« 透過的データ圧縮 | Main | 論文読み会 »